Type 1 Diabetes – Causes, Symptoms and Prevention

Type 1 diabetes definition

Type 1 diabetes is a chronic condition where very little or no insulin is produced by the pancreas, the cells of the pancreas are damaged or destroyed by the cells of the immune system.

Insulin is a pacreatic hormone that carries glucose to the cells of your body for energy as well as for storage. Your body receives glucose from your nutrition. Insulin makes it possible for glucose to pass from the blood into the body’s cells.

When cells have sufficient glucose, your liver and muscle tissue stores excess glucose, or glucose, as glycogen. Glycogen is broken down into glucose and released into the bloodstream when you require energy between meals, during fasting, exercise or during sleep.

In type 1 diabetes, the body is unable to deal with glucose because of the lack of insulin. Glucose from your food may not move through the cells. This results in over-circulation of glucose in your blood. High blood glucose may result in short- and long-term complications.

Symptoms of type 1 diabetes

Symptoms associated with type 1 diabetes include:

  • blurred vision
  • fatigue
  • frequent urination
  • excessive hunger
  • excessive thirst
  • unexplained weight loss in the short term.

It is also possible for an individual to develop ketoacidosis, a complication of diabetes in which the body produces an excessive amount of blood acid or ketones because of rapid fat degradation. Symptoms associated with this condition include:

  • flushed face
  • fruity breath odor
  • fast breathing
  • dry skin and mouth
  • nausea
  • vomiting or stomachaches or pain
  • confusion

If you experience any of the symptoms of type 1 diabetes, you should consult your physician. However, if you experience symptoms of ketoacidosis, you should seek medical care immediately. Ketoacidosis is an emergency medical condition.

Type 1 vs. type 2 diabetes

Diabetes has two main types: type 1 and type 2. They have similar symptoms, and with time, they may cause a lot of similar complications. But the cause is quite different.

Type I diabetes is due to the fact that the body does not produce insulin by itself. Insulin intake is very important for survival, to displace glucose from the blood circulation in the cells of thebody cells.

In the case of type 2 diabetes patients, the cells do not respond adequately to insulin. The body is incapable of moving glucose from the bloodstream to the cells, despite having adequate levels of insulin. As a result, their bodies may stop producing enough insulin.

Type 1 diabetes develops very rapidly with clear symptoms. For people with type 2 diabetes, this condition may develop over time. In fact, an individual with type 2 diabetes may not know that he or she is suffering from it until he or she has a complication.

Both types of diabetes result from different factors. There are different risk factors as well.

Causes type 1 diabetes

The real cause of type 1 diabetes remains unknown. Even though we think it’s autoimmune disease. The body’s immune system wrongly attack pancreatic beta cells properly. The cells are responsible for producing insulin. The reason is not fully understood by scientists.

Genetic and environmental factors, Microorganisms like viruses can play a role.

Diagnosis of type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is generally diagnosed using a series of tests. Some can be carried out quickly, while others require a certain amount of preparation or supervision time.

For the most part, type 1 diabetes occurs very quickly. People are diagnosed by meeting one of the following criteria:

  1. fasting blood sugar greater than 126 mg/dL for two different tests.
  2. blood glucose levels > 200 mg/dL, with diabetes-related symptoms.
  3. hemoglobin A1c > 6.5 in two separate tests.

These criteria are also useful in diagnosing type 2 diabetes. In fact, people with type 1 diabetes may have a misdiagnosis of type 2 diabetes.

Maybe a doctor doesn’t know about your misdiagnosis until you start to have problems or make the symptoms worse despite the treatment.

When blood sugar levels increase dramatically and lead to diabetic ketoacidosis, You’re getting pretty sick. That’s typically why people end up in the hospital or in their doctor’s office, and type 1 diabetes is diagnosed.

If you experience any of the symptoms of diabetes, your physician is likely to take some tests.

Type 1 diabetes treatment

If you receive a diagnosis of type 1 diabetes, your pancreatic cells cannot produce insulin. You will have to take insulin from the outside to balance your blood glucose. Other treatments can also deal with symptoms of type 1 diabetes.


For those with type 1 diabetes, insulin should be taken daily. You normally receive insulin by injection.

A lot of people use an insulin pump. The pump delivers insulin through an opening in the skin. It may be more convenient for some people to stick with shots. It can also help check for increases and decreases in blood sugar levels.

The amount of insulin needed is variable during the day. People with type 1 diabetes routinely test their blood glucose to determine the amount of insulin needed. Diet and exercise can affect the amount of glucose in the blood.

So many different types of insulin. Your physician may ask you to try more than one to figure out what works best for you.


Metformin is an oral drug for diabetes. In the past, it was only used by people with type 2 diabetes. However, some people who have type 1 diabetes may develop insulin resistance. This means that the insulin they receive by injecting is not as effective as it should be.

Metformin helps reduce the level of sugar in the bloodstream by reducing the production of sugar in the liver. Your doctor may recommend taking metformin at the same time as taking insulin.


The TB vaccine has the potential to treat type 1 diabetes in some people. In a very small study, type 1 diabetes patients were shown to have received two injections of the bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) have seen their blood sugar levels normalize over a period of at least five years.

This option is not available until now. It continues to be researched and has not been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). However, this promises that type 1 diabetes will be treated in the future.

Diet and exercise

People with type 1 diabetes should eat regularly to maintain their blood glucose levels. A dietician who is also a certified diabetes educator may help develop a diet plan.

Exercise can also help reduce blood glucose. Quantities of insulin may be necessary to manage depending on your level of exercise.

Type 1 diabetes risk factors

There is a lack of understanding of the risk factors associated with type 1 diabetes. While a number of possible factors have been identified.

Family history

In some cases, family background may be a risk factor for type 1 diabetes. If someone in your family has type 1 diabetes, your risk of developing this diabetes increases.

A number of genes have been associated with this type. But not all people with those genes develop type 1 diabetes. Many researchers and medical practitioners believe that a certain type of trigger or stimulant causes type 1 diabetes to develop in some people, but not in others.


Race can be an important risk factor for type 1 diabetes. As it is more frequent in white persons than in persons of other races.

Environmental factors

Some viruses have the potential to cause type 1 diabetes. It is unclear what the real triggers are.

Probably, people in cold climates have a greater chance of having type 1 diabetes. Physicians also diagnose more cases of type 1 diabetes during the winter season than during the summer.

There are a number of other things that can affect people with type 1 diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes in children

Type 1 diabetes was previously termed juvenile diabetes. This is because children and young adults are routinely diagnosed with the disease. In comparison, type 2 diabetes is typically diagnosed in the older age group. But both types can be diagnosed at nearly any age.

Symptoms for diabetes in children include:

  • weight loss
  • wet the bed or urine very frequently.
  • weakness or fatigue
  • Excessive hunger or thirst is common.
  • mood changes
  • blurry vision

As with adults, children with type I diabetes are treated with insulin.

The first generation of an artificial pancreas was recently approved for children. It is placed under the skin. Next, it continuously monitors blood sugar levels, automatically releasing the right amount of insulin as needed.

Most children continue to use manual procedures for insulin injections and blood sugar monitoring. Especially in young children, parents have to put a lot of effort into their own safety and health.

Children suffering from type 1 diabetes can lead normal, healthy and happy lives.

Life expectancy and statistics

Now, more than 1.25 million American people are diagnosed with type 1 diabetes. Every year, one more 40,000 people in The Americans are diagnosed with this condition. Despite these massive numbers, type 1 diabetes accounts for only about 5% of all diabetes cases across the country.

Both types of diabetes (Type1 & Type2) is the seventh leading cause of death in the USA. An Australian study of 1997-2010 data showed that the average life expectancy of a person with type 1 diabetes was 12 years smaller than the average person.

Perfect disease management can help reduce complications and improve life expectancy.

Diabetes is an illness that affects people worldwide.

Ketogenic diet

The ketogenic diet has demonstrated a number of benefits for people with type 2 diabetes. Low carbohydrate diet can help lower blood sugar levels and can even contribute to weight loss that is desirable for many type 2 people.

But the ketogenic diet for type 1 diabetes has not been studied in detail. Until now, the usual dietary recommendation for this type of diabetes is low carb diet. While physicians and researchers are looking for the potential benefits and safety of a diet that further limits carbohydrates for people with type 1 diabetes.

In one small study, it was found that people with type 1 diabetes have adhered to keto diet for more than two years has shown improved A1C results and improved suger control. But these people also had higher blood lipid levels and more frequent episodes of hypoglycemia. Long-term security is not an option.

If you are trying ketogenic diet and have type 1 diabetes, consult your doctor. They may recommend a registered dietitian or nutritionist to help you find the right nutrition plan for you.


There are different challenges associated with pregnancy for people with type 1 diabetes. While it is possible to have a normal pregnancy and a healthy baby despite having the illness.

The most important thing to remember if you are waiting or trying to be concise and have type 1 diabetes is that all you do for your body. Women with high blood sugar give birth to infants with high blood sugar.

High blood sugar at the time of pregnancy may result in problems such as higher birth weight, complicated C-sections, preterm birth, low blood sugar, high blood pressure, and even stillbirth.

It is best to plan your pregnancy and talk to your doctor about your diabetes and blood glucose goals.

If you have type 1 diabetes and want to know about your pregnancy, seek medical attention as soon as possible. They may suggest any changes you may need to make your blood sugar normal, steady and safe for you and your baby.

While you are pregnant, you may need to visit your health care provider more frequently. You may also be required to adjust medications and insulin during pregnancy.

Exercising safely

Exercise can be challenging for those with type 1 diabetes, but it is a very important part of healthy living. That is important for people of this type. Exercise for 150 minutes is necessary in one week.

This is not clear, however, is the best way to manage blood sugar during exercise. This is because blood sugar levels can increase or even crush during and after exercise, because the cells of your body begin to use insulin or glucose more efficiently.

Yet, experts recommend that people with diabetes exercise regularly for normal health. It may be important to talk with your doctor or another expert to find a suitable plan for you.

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