Folic Acid Deficiency Anemia: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Anemia is a condition that occurs when you do not have sufficient red blood cells to transport oxygen to the tissues of your body. One of the reasons might be that you don’t have sufficient hemoglobin to produce red cells. If you have too little folate (vitamin B9) in your blood, you experience anemia due to folic acid deficiency.

Folate is needed so your body can make new red blood cells. Your body required red cells to provide oxygen for your organs. The lack of red blood cells leads to a disease called anaemia, which can make you feel weak and tired.

Your baby may be more likely to develop serious congenital abnormalities such as spina bifida if you suffer from anemia due to folic acid deficiency during pregnancy. Spina bifida causes the infant’s spine to be poorly formed.

If you are deficient in folic acid, supplementation to increase your folic acid level may reduce your risk of anemia. Moreover: Experts at Harvard Medical School say that obtaining enough folic acid can decrease the risk of colon cancer and heart disease.

What Is Folic Acid?

Folic acid is a synthetic form of vitamin folate, also referred to as B9. Your body lost B9 when you sweat and through urine. And your body can’t store it, which means you need that vitamin every day.

Signs and Symptoms

folic acid deficiency symptoms include:

  • gray hair
  • swollen tongue
  • fatigue
  • mouth sores
  • poor growth

After anemia happens, you may experience the following:

Who Is at Risk for Folic Acid Deficiency Anemia?

Factors that increase your probability of developing folic acid deficiency such a condition include:

  • medications
  • pregnancy
  • eating over-cooked foods.
  • consume a diet that lacks vitamins.
  • high alcohol consumption
  • health conditions (such as sickle cell disease)

What Causes Folic Acid Deficiency Anemia?

Malnutrition is the most frequent cause of anaemia as a result of folic acid deficiency. Nutrition that is low in vitamins or over-cooked foods can contribute to malnutrition. Excessive bleeding can also cause anemia.

Foods high in folic acid include citrus, leafy green vegetables and enriched cereals. Some people have difficulty absorbing folic acif from food.

Here are other reasons for folic acid deficiency anemia.

Pregnancy

There are many reasons why pregnancy causes folic acid deficiency. Your body is slower in absorbing folic acid during pregnancy, and the fetus consumes your body’s folic acid during its growth. Morning nausea which leads to vomiting may cause loss of folic acid.

Malabsorption

Malabsorption occurs when the body fails to adequately absorb a vitamin or mineral. Diseases like celiac disease and medicines, Including those who control seizures, may interfere with your body’s absorption of folic acid.

How Is Folic Acid Deficiency Anemia Diagnosed?

Other blood problems can lead to symptoms such as anemia due to folic acid deficiency. You will need to consult with your physician for diagnosis. Your physician will perform a complete blood count (CBC) test to determine whether you are suffering from anemia due to folic acid. This test will show if you have low levels of red blood cells.

Your physician may also ask for a blood test to see if you have low folic acid. That is referred to as a blood folate test. If you are of child-bearing age, your doctor may prescribe a pregnancy test to assess whether this is the cause of your deficiency. They will also ask you questions about your eating habits to see whether malnutrition is causing it.

Don’t forget to let your doctor know if you are taking any medications. Some may be associated with folic acid deficiency.

How Is Folic Acid Deficiency Anemia Treated?

The purpose of the treatment is to increase the folic acid content of your body. The simplest way is to take folic acid tablets each day, until the deficiency is fixed. But you may need to get folic acid intravenously if you have too low levels.

In addition to taking supplements, you should eat foods rich in folate, like pinto beans, spinach and oranges. Eat lots of fresh foods and stay away from processed or fried foods. They are generally low in nutrition and rich in fat.

Harvard Medical School The recommended daily intake is 400 mcg (micrograms) of folic acid. Pregnancy and some medical issues may justify taking more. The maximum you can take with no overdose symptoms is 1000 mcg of folic acid per day.

Talk to your health care provider before taking folic acid supplements.

Long Term Outlook?

After treatment, the majority of people suffering from folic acid deficiency recovery from this condition with no long-term health impacts. When you notice the symptoms. If left untreated, some of them may worsen and your anemia may cause long-term damage.

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