A child is said to fail to thrive when he or she does not meet accepted growth standards. it describes an under-nourishment situation in children. They do not get or do not have the ability to handle enough calories. (1)
A physician determines a child’s ideal weight by comparing his or her weight, height, age and gender with the national averages. Children who fail to thrive generally fall far short of their ideal weight. A child may also be diagnosed if his or her weight growth rate, often with height, stagnates while he or she should be on a rising trend. (2)
Is my child at risk?
Risk factors for an infant failing to thrive include any underlying conditions, including:
- milk allergy
- cystic fibrosis
- Down syndrome
- cerebral palsy
- heart disease
- celiac disease
- acid reflux disease
Children with serious medical conditions in the first years of life may can develop failure to thrive. The premature birth of children and have a low birthweight can also fail to thrive.
The most commonly known cause of failure to thrive does not consume enough calories.
Other risk factors that can contribute to an unhealthy diet are:
- unhealthy nutrition habits
- physical abuse
- mental trauma
Failure to thrive Causes
There are many different medical causes. failure to thrive. These include:
- Chromosomal abnormalities, including Down syndrome and Turner syndrome.
- Defects in the most important organs
- thyroid hormone deficiency, or other deficiency
- Feeding difficulty in infant due to CNS Damage
- Heart problems
- Lungs Problems
- Blood disorders like anemia
- Cerebral palsy
- Chronic infection
What are the symptoms of failure to thrive?
In general, the weight of a child with the disease drops below the 3rd percentile on standard growth graph. A change in the growth rate, rather than precise figures, is an indicator as well. For instance, if your child grows well but its growth stagnates, Maybe they have failure to thrive.
Your kid can have an unstable growth rate. Certain kids who fail to thrive have symptoms such as:
- delayed in adolescents
- Not enough weight gain.
- delays in the achievement of development milestones such as rolling over, walking, and talking
- learning disabilities
- lack of feelings, like laughing or making eye contact.
- delayed puberty among teenagers
When should I see a doctor?
Regular health checks can prevent failure to thrive, or at least catch and take care of them early. These should start while you are pregnant and continue as adults. Your physician should track your child’s growth on growth maps on a regular basis. (4)
A child who fails to thrive may be small in comparison to other children of the same age and gender. They may not have stable growth. Consult a pediatrician regularly for the best possible analysis of your child’s growth.
Because failure to thrive can result in ongoing mental, emotional and physical delays, it is important to have regular checkups so that physician can monitor your child’s health.
How is failure to thrive diagnosed?
Tests can help determine a cause and evaluate the effects of failure to thrive on your child’s health and growth. Examples include the following:
- blood tests
- urine tests
- developmental screenings
Health care providers may require advice if the physician suspects that unhealthy family practices are a cause of this.
Other factors can give rise to failure to thrive:
- Exposure to toxins, infection
- Bad eating habits
In a lot of cases, the cause cannot be determined.
Treatment options for failure to thrive?
Treatment options differ according to:
- family environment
- seriousness of symptoms
- the overall health of the infant
- the preferences of the parents or guardians
Certain cases of failure to thrive can be resolved once a physician treats the underlying disease. If failure to thrive demands more care, the child’s physician may prescribe nutritional supplements or special dietary arrangements depending on the underlying diagnosis.
When failure to thrive has an association with problems at home, your physician can consult with social services. Hospital care, including the use of feeding tubes, may provide a dietary supplement in serious cases.
Once your child’s growth has reached normal levels, they may require assistance in keeping their physical and mental growth on track.
Experts who may help your child include:
- physical therapists
- speech therapists
- occupational therapists
What’s the long term outlook?
If your child is treated early, they should be able to grow up normally, unless there are serious medical problems. Failure to thrive which is not treated may lead to long-term complications, including:
- restricted growth
- learning disabilities
- emotional problems
If you see your child struggling to eat, or seems to lose weight or not put on weight as you think, consult your health care provider. Speaking with your physician right from the start can ease your fears and put your child on the path to health and nutrition.