Dizziness – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Dizziness is the feeling of lite dizziness or headache, of a head turning, or of imbalance. It affects your sensory organs, especially your eyes and ears, So it can cause fainting from time to time. Dizziness is not a disease; it is a symptom of a variety of complications.

Vertigo and disequilibrium can lead to a feeling of dizziness, but these two terms describe a variety of symptoms. Vertigo is the sensation of dizziness that turns, like everything that moves.

It can also feel like motion sickness or as if you are leaning sideways. The imbalance represents a loss of balance. True dizziness is the feeling of lightheadedness or about to fainting.

Dizziness is common and their primary cause is generally not severe. There is no need to worry about frequent dizziness. However, you should call your doctor right away if you experience recurring episodes of dizziness without any obvious reason or for a long period of time.

Causes of dizziness

The main reasons for dizziness are: migraine, drugs and alcohol. It may also happen as a result of a problem in the inner ear, where balance is controlled.

Dizziness is generally the result of vertigo so. The most common cause of vertigo and vertigo associated with it is benign positional vertigo (BPV). This causes short-term dizziness when a person suddenly changes position, such as sitting in bed after going to bed.

Dizziness or vertigo may also be induced by Ménière’s disease. It causes fluid to build up in the ear with fullness of the ear, hearing loss and tinnitus. Another possible cause of lightheadedness and vertigo is acoustic neuroma. It is a non-cancerous tumour that develops on the nerve that connects the internal ear to the brain.

Other probable reasons for dizziness are:

  • hypoglycemia (low blood sugar)
  • ear infection
  • dehydration
  • heat stroke
  • sudden decrease in blood pressure.
  • cardiac muscle disease.
  • reduced blood volume.
  • anxiety disorders
  • anemia (low iron)
  • excessive exercise
  • motion sickness

In very few cases, dizziness can be the result of multiple sclerosis, stroke, malignancy or other brain problems.

Symptoms of dizziness

People with dizziness may experience a variety of sensations, including:

  • feeling of lightheadedness or fainting.
  • a false turn direction or rotation.
  • unstableness
  • loss of stability.
  • feeling as though floating or swimming.

Dizziness can be associated with nausea, vomiting, or fainting. Choose emergency medical assistance if you have these symptoms for extended periods of time.

When to call a doctor about dizziness

You should consult your physician if you continue to experience repeated dizziness or vertigo. You should also report this to your doctor as a matter of urgency if you experience sudden dizziness at the same time as:

  • a head injury
  • a headache
  • a neck pain
  • a high temperature
  • droopiness of the eye or mouth
  • loss of consciousness
  • chest pain
  • ongoing vomiting
  • blurred vision
  • hearing loss
  • trouble speaking
  • numbness or tingling sensation

These symptoms may present serious health complications, therefore immediate medical care is required.

What to expect when you make an appointment.

Your doctor may monitor the cause of dizziness and other symptoms by performing a physical exam. They will ask you a few questions about your lightheadedness, including:

  • time of occurance
  • in what situations
  • severity of symptoms.
  • other symptoms that occur as a result of dizziness.

Your doctor can also check your eyes and ears, carry out a neurological examination, observe your posture and perform balance checks. Depending on the doubtful cause, an imaging test such as a computed tomography or MRI may be suggested for better viewing.

In some instances, there is no reason for dizziness.

Treatments for dizziness

The treatment of dizziness is directed at its root cause. In most cases, home remedies and medical treatments are able to control the cause of vertigo. For example:

  • Inner ear issues can be controlled with medicines and exercises at home that can help regulate balance.
  • BPV may be cured by manoeuvres that may help relieve symptoms. Surgical intervention is an option for patients with BPV that is not controlled by other methods.
  • Meniere’s disease is treated with a healthy food with low salt content, sometimes taking injections, or ear surgery.
  • Migraines are treated with drugs and lifestyle changes, such as learning to discover and prevent migraine triggers.
  • Medications and methods to reduce anxiety may be helpful in treating anxiety disorders.
  • Drinking plenty of liquids can help when vertigo is caused by heavy exercise, heat or dehydration.

What you can do about dizziness

Follow the steps below if you have recurring dizziness:

  • Sit or lie down quickly when you feel light-headed and rest until the dizziness goes away. This can prevent a loss of balance, which can result in falls and serious injuries.
  • Use a cane or walker for stability when necessary.
  • Always use ramps when entering or exiting stairs.
  • Engage in activities that enhance balance, such as yoga and Tai Chi.
  • Avoid changing your position suddenly.
  • Avoid driving a car or using heavy equipment if you often experience dizzy spells without warning.
  • Do not consume caffeine, alcohol or tobacco. The use of such substances may trigger or aggravate dizziness.
  • Drink at least 8 glasses of water a day, sleep for 7 hours or more and avoid stressful conditions.
  • Eat a healthy diet, which includes green vegetables, fruits and protein to help control dizziness.
  • If you suspect that your dizziness is caused by a medicine, talk to your doctor to reduce the dose or switch to another medicine.
  • Take a non-prescription medication, such as meclizine (Antivert) or antihistamine, if you experience nausea and dizziness. These drugs can cause drowsiness, so do not use them if you need to be active or productive.
  • Rest in a cool place and drink water if you become dizzy when overheated or dehydrated.

Always check with your doctor if you are concerned about the frequency and severity of your dizziness.

Viewpoint for dizziness

Most cases of vertigo disappear by themselves once the root cause is treated. In rare cases, dizziness may indicate a more serious medical condition.

Dizziness can result in complications when it causes unconsciousness or loss of balance. It can be especially dangerous when someone drives or drives heavy machinery. Be cautious if you encounter an episode of vertigo in the future. If you get dizzy, stop driving quickly or find somewhere safe to stabilize yourself until it disappears.

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