What is Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) ?
Chronic fatigue syndrome or CFS is a serious condition characterized by extreme fatigue or fatigue which does not disappear with rest and cannot be explained by a basic medical condition.(1)
Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is also called myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME) or systemic exertion intolerance disease (SEID).
The causes of CFS remain unclear. There are theories that this may be caused by a viral infection, mental stress or a combination of factors.
As no reason has been identified, and Since many other diseases have similar symptoms, the diagnosis of CFS cannot be easy.
We do not have tests for chronic fatigue syndrome. Your physician will have to rule out other causes of your fatigue to determine the diagnosis.
Earlier CFS was a controversial diagnostic, However, it is now widely accepted as a health condition.
Here’s everything you need to know about chronic fatigue syndrome, including symptoms, treatment options and viewpoint.
What causes Chronic Fatigue Syndrome?
There is no clear cause for CFS. According to the researchers, causal factors can include:
- a weak immune system.
- hormonal imbalances
Genetic predisposition may also be a potential cause of CFS in certain individuals.
However, CFS may occasionally develop after a viral infection, no kind of infection has been discovered to cause CFS. Some virus infections that have been investigated in combination with CFS include those caused by:
- human herpesvirus 6
- Ross River virus (RRV)
- Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)
- rubella virus
Infections due to bacteria, including Coxiella burnetii and Mycoplasma pneumoniae, were also examined in association with the CFS.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommended that CFS be the last step for several different conditions, rather than a special requirement.
In fact, about one person out of ten with EBV, The Ross River virus, or Coxiella burnetii infection, will develop a disease associated with the CFS diagnostic criteria.
In addition, researchers say that those who have had severe symptoms with one of these three infections are at a greater risk of developing CFS later in their lives.
People with CFS have at times lowered their immune system, but the doctors don’t know whether that’s enough to cause the trouble.
People with CFS can also experience abnormal hormonal levels at times. The physicians have not yet determined whether that is remarkable either.
Risk factors associated with chronic fatigue syndrome.
CFS is mostly found in people aged 40 to 50.
Sex also plays an important role in CFS because women are two to four times more likely to be diagnosed with CFS compared to men.
Other factors that can increase the risk of CFS include:
- genetic predisposition
- environmental triggers
What symptoms does chronic fatigue syndrome present?
The symptoms of CFS vary depending on the person and the seriousness of the illness.
The most common symptom is tiredness, which is very serious for interfering with your daily activities.
For CFS diagnostic purposes, Significantly reduced ability to perform normal daily activities with fatigue should last at least 6 months. It cannot be curable just with bed rest.
You will also feel extremely tired after being physically or mentally active, which is called post-exertional malaise (PEM). It can last over 24 hours after the activity.
Sleep disorders may also be associated with CFS, including:
- not feeling fresh after a night’s sleep.
- chronic insomnia
- other sleep disorders
In addition, you can also get to know:
- loss of memory
- lowered concentration
- orthostatic intolerance (going from lying or seated to standing positions leads to lightheadedness dizziness or even fainting)
Physical symptoms associated with CFS may include:
- reccuring sore throat
- muscle pain
- persistent headaches
- multiple joint aches without redness or swelling.
- enlargement and tenderness of the lymph nodes of the neck and armpits.
There are people who are affected intermittently by CFS. with worse days of feeling and then better.
The symptoms can sometimes disappear altogether, called remission. However, it is still possible that the symptoms will reappear later, known as a relapse.
This period of remission and relapse may make it difficult to control your symptoms, I don’t think it’s impossible.
How is Chronic Fatigue Syndrome diagnosed?
CFS is quite easy to diagnose.
As stated by the Institute of Medicine, in 2015, CFS took place among approximately 836,000 to 2.5 million Americans. However, an estimated 84% to 91% have not yet been diagnosed.
There are no medical tests to detect CFS. His symptoms are the same as many other conditions. Many people with CFS do not “seem ill,” so doctors may not recognize that they definitely have a state of health.
If you are diagnosed with CFS, your physician will remove other probable causes and review your medical history with you.
They will make sure that you have at least the main symptoms mentioned previously. They will also ask you how long and how serious your non-identified fatigue is.
The exclusion of other possible causes of your fatigue is one of the most important elements of the diagnostic procedure. A few conditions with symptoms which are similar to those of CFS include:
- lupus (SLE)
- Lyme disease
- multiple sclerosis
- major depressive disorder
- severe obesity
- sleep related issues
Side effects from certain medicines, such as anti-histamines and alcohol, may look like CFS symptoms as well.
Due to the similarity between the symptoms of chronic fatigue syndrome and many other conditions, not to self-diagnose oneself. Tell your doctor what your symptoms are. They may be helpful in relieving your symptoms.