Chest Pain – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

What is chest pain?

Chest pain that may be caused by various conditions such as cardiac or pulmonary diseases. That’s one of the more common reasons people go to the emergency room. Chest pain varies according to the patient. It also varies according to:

  • intensity
  • duration
  • quality
  • location

It can be acute and tense pain or dull pain. Maybe it’s a sign of a serious cardiac condition. Many common causes that are not so dangerous or that put people at risk may also have caused this.

What is responsible for chest pain?

If you have chest pain, your primary concern may be that you have a heart attack. Although chest pain is an established sign of a heart attack, it may also be due to many other less serious conditions.

Approximately 13 per cent of all emergency rooms (EDs) come for chest pain resulting from a diagnosis of severe heart problems, based on the National Centre for Health Studies (NCHS).(1)

Cardiac reasons for chest pain.

Cardiac causes of chest pain consist of:

  • heart attack, which is a blockage of the circulation of blood towards the heart.
  • angina, which is chest pain caused by blocks in the blood vessels that feed your heart with blood.
  • pericarditis, which is an inflammation of the lining around the heart.
  • myocarditis, It’s an inflammation of the cardiac muscle.
  • cardiomyopathy, which is a heart muscle disorder that makes it hard for the heart to pump blood effectively.
  • aortic dissection, that is a rare condition involving a tear or injury to the aorta, the big vessel carrying blood out of the heart.

Gastrointestinal causes of chest pain

  • acid reflux, or heartburn
  • swallowing problems due to esophageal disturbances.
  • gallstones
  • inflamed gallbladder or pancreas.

Gastro-intestinal causes of chest pain are:

Lung-related causes of chest pain

The diseases indicated are lung causes of chest pain:

  • pneumonia
  • blood clots and pulmonary embolism.
  • bronchospasm
  • viral bronchitis
  • pneumothorax

Bronchospasm typically occurs in people who have asthma and related conditions like chronic obstructive airway disease (COPD).

Muscle or bone related causes of chest pain

Causes of chest pain associated with muscles and bones include:

  • bruised or cracked ribs
  • muscular pain caused by exercise and chronic pain syndromes.
  • compressive fractures causing pressure on the nerve.

Other causes

Shingles can be painful to the chest. You may experience back and chest pain before shingles erupt. Panic attacks may cause chest pain as well.

What symptoms may occur with chest pain?

You may have additional symptoms associated with chest pain. The identification of symptoms you may have may help your doctor to make a diagnosis. Some of the symptoms are:

Heart related symptoms

Although pain is the most common symptom of a heart condition, some people experience other symptoms, both with and without chest pain. In particular, women reported atypical symptoms that were subsequently identified as being associated with a heart condition:

  • pressure or thoracic tightness.
  • back, jawbone or arm pain.
  • fatigue
  • lightheadedness
  • dizziness
  • dyspnea
  • abdominal pain
  • nausea
  • pain during work or workout.

Other symptoms

The symptoms that can indicate that your chest pain is not linked to a heart condition are:

  • a sour or acid flavour in the mouth.
  • pain that begins just after swallowing or eating.
  • trouble swallowing
  • pain which gets better or worse depending on the position of your body.
  • pain that gets worse with deep breathing or coughing.
  • pain associated with rash.
  • fever
  • aches
  • chills
  • runny nose
  • cough
  • feelings of panic or worry.
  • hyperventilating
  • back pain radiating forward from your chest.

How is chest pain diagnosed?

Use emergency treatment if you believe you are having a heart attack and especially if your chest pain is new, unconscionable or lasts longer than a few moments.

You will respond to your physician’s questions, and Your answers may be helpful in diagnosing the cause of your chest pain. You also need to discuss the associated symptoms and share all information about the medications, treatments, or other health problems you may have.

Diagnostic tests

Your doctor can perform tests to assist in diagnosing or suppressing heart problems as a reason behind your chest pain. Examples include the following:

  • an electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG), that records the electricity activity of your heart.
  • blood tests, measurements of enzyme levels.
  • a chest X-ray, for examining your heart, lungs and blood vessels.
  • an echocardiogram, who uses soundwaves to record moving images of the heart.
  • an MRI, for determining heart or aortic damage.
  • stress tests, that are used to measure your cardiac function following exercise or any hard work.
  • an angiogram, which is used to verify blockages or obstructions within specific arteries.

How is chest pain treated?

Your doctor may prescribe medicines for chest pain, non-invasive procedures, surgery, or a combination of the two. Treatment is dependent upon the cause and severity of your chest pain.

Treatments for cardiac causes of chest pain consist of:

  • medicines that may contain nitroglycerine and other medicines that open partially obstructed arteries, medicines to dissolve clots, or anticoagulants.
  • cardiac catheter, which may require the use of balloons or stents to open blocked arteries.
  • surgery to repair arteries, which is also referred to as cardiac bypass surgery or bypass surgery.

Treatments for other chest pain conditions include:

  • pulmonary swelling for a collapsed lung, which your physician will do by inserting a chest tube or related device.
  • antacids or some procedures for acid reflux and heartburns, which are used to treat symptoms.
  • anti-anxiety drugs, which are used to treat chest pain when experiencing panic attacks.

What is the viewpoint for people with chest pain?

Your physician can treat and heal chest pain caused by many common conditions. It can be acid reflux, anxiety attacks, asthma, or related conditions.

However, chest pain may also be a symptom of a lethal or lethal state. Opt for emergency medical therapy if you think you have a heart attack or other heart problems. It’s a chance to save your life.

Once your doctor has diagnosed you, he or she can suggest other treatments to help you improve your condition.

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