Gynecomastia : Breast Enlargement in Men – Symptoms, and causes

Breast enlargement with breast gland tissue increase in the male is called gynecomastia. Gynecomastia may occur during infancy, puberty, or 60 years and older, that can be a naturally occurring change.

Men may also have gynecomastia as a result of hormonal changes, or side effects of medicines. That can happen with one or two breasts. Pseudogynecomastia will not be talked about here, but It’s the result of obesity and by increasing the amount of fat in the breast tissue, but not a growth in gland tissue.

The majority of cases of gynecomastia do not need treatment. However, for aesthetic reasons, the condition may affect self-esteem and result in a person opting out of public activities. Gynecomastia may be treated with medicines, surgery, or by stopping the use of some medicines or illegal substances.

What Are the Symptoms of Breast Enlargement in Men?

Gynecomastia symptoms include:

  • breast discharge
  • swollen breasts
  • breast tenderness

According to the cause, there can be other symptoms as well. If you experience symptoms of male breast enlargement, talk to your physician so that he or she may determine your condition’s cause.

What Causes Breast Enlargement in Men?

Decreased testosterone hormone usually along with increased estrogen hormone causes most cases of breast enlargement in males. These hormonal fluctuations may be normal during different phases of life and may affect infants, children entering puberty and elderly males.


Andropause is a part of a man’s life that looks like menopause in a woman. During andropause, the production of male sexual hormones, in particular testosterone, decreases over several years. This generally happens around the middle age. The resultant hormonal imbalance can lead to gynecomastia, hair loss and sleeplessness.


Although the body of boys produces androgens (male sexual hormones), they produce as well the female estrogen hormone. When they get into puberty, they can produce more estrogens than androgens. It may cause gynecomastia. The condition is generally temporary and reduces that hormone levels rebalance.

Breast Milk

Infants are able to develop gynecomastia by drinking their mother’s breast milk. Estrogen hormone is present in breast milk, so breastfed babies can experience a slight increase in estrogen levels.


Medications such as steroids and amphetamines may cause estrogen levels to rise marginally. It may cause gynecomastia.

Other Medical Conditions

Less common reasons for gynecomastia include testicular cancer, liver failure (cirrhosis), chronic renal failure and hyperthyroidism.

How Is Breast Enlargement in Men Diagnosed?

To figure out what caused your swollen breasts, Your physician will ask you questions about your health history and history of your family. They will also physically look at your breasts and genital organs. In gynecomastia, the mammary tissue has a diameter of more than 0.5 cm.

If the reason of your condition is unclear, your doctor may prescribe blood tests to check your hormone levels and mammography or ultrasound to see your breast tissue and see if there are any abnormal growths. In some cases, other tests such as MRI, CT, X-ray or biopsy may be required.

How Is Breast Enlargement in Men Treated?

Gynecomastia generally does not require treatment and leaves itself. However, if it is the result of an underlying health problem, this condition should be addressed to solve breast enlargement.

In cases of gynecomastia resulting in severe pain or social awkwardness, medicines or a surgical procedure can be used to correct the condition.


Surgery may be used for the removal of excess breast fat and glandular tissue. In any cases where the swollen tissue is at fault, your physician may suggest a mastectomy, a surgical procedure to remove excess tissue.


Drugs which affect hormonal levels, such as tamoxifen and raloxifene, may be used.


Gynecomastia can make you feel awkward or uncomfortable. If you feel that it is depressing or that you are too embarrassed to take part in your normal activities, speak to your physician or counsellor. It can also assist in speaking with other men who have the disease in a support group.


Gynecomastia may happen in boys and men of all ages. Talking with a physician can help you find the underlying cause of breast augmentation. Depending on the cause, there are many options for the treatment and management of the disease.

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