A serious allergy that occurs very rapidly after being exposed to their allergen and may cause a life-threatening reaction known as anaphylaxis. Anaphylaxis is a serious allergy to venom, food or medicines. The majority of reactions are caused by a bee bite or eating food that are believed to cause allergies, such as peanuts or walnuts.
Anaphylaxis leads to a range of symptoms, including a rash, slow pulse rate, and shock, that is referred to as anaphylactic shock. That may be fatal if it is not dealt with urgently.
Once you have been diagnosed, your health care provider will likely suggest that you take a medicine called epinephrine with you at any time. This medicine can prevent future reactions from getting so dangerous and deadly.
Identify the symptoms of anaphylaxis.
Symptoms typically appear immediately following contact with the allergen. These may consist of:
- abdominal pain
- rashes or hives
- slurred speech
- facial swelling
- fast heart rate
- low pulse
- difficulty swallowing
- itchy skin
- swelling in mouth and throat
- nausea and vomiting
What is responsible for anaphylaxis?
Your body is in constant contact with extraneous materials. It creates antibodies that protect against these substances. For the most part, the body does not respond to the released antibodies. However, in anaphylaxis, the immune system reacts excessively, resulting in an overall allergic response.
Common causes of anaphylaxis are drugs, general anaesthetics, nuts, insect bites, fish, crustaceans and milk. Additional causes can include exercise and latex.
What is the diagnosis of anaphylaxis?
You will probably receive a diagnosis of anaphylaxis in the presence of the following symptoms:
- mental confusion
- swelling in throat
- weakness or dizziness
- blue skin
- difficulty breathing
- fast or abnormal heartbeat.
- facial swelling
- low blood pressure
While you’re in the E.R, The physician will use a stethoscope to listen for crackling noises as you breathe. Crackling noises could indicate the fluid in the lungs.
Once the treatment is complete, your health care provider will ask you if you have had any allergies in the past.
What is the treatment for anaphylaxis?
If you or a family member starts developing symptoms of anaphylaxis, call 911 immediately.
In case you had a past episode, Use your epinephrine medicine at the start of symptoms, then call 911.
If you are helping someone with a stroke, comfort them by telling them that help is on the way. Put them on their backs. Raise their feet approx 12 ft and put a blanket over them.
If the person has been stung, use a plastic card to put pressure on the skin a thumb under the stinger. Slowly drag the card toward the stinger. Once the card is under the sting, swipe the card up to remove the sting from the skin. You should not use tweezers. Pushing the sting will inject more venom. If you have emergency allergy medications, give them. Do not attempt to give an oral medication to someone who is having trouble breathing.
If they have stopped breathing or their pulse has stopped, CPR will be essential.
In the hospital, people suffering from anaphylaxis receive adrenaline, the common name for epinephrine, medications to control or reduce the reaction. If you have already taken this medication or if someone has given it to you, let the doctor know.
In addition, you can be given oxygen, cortisone, an antihistamine, or a rapid-response beta-agonist inhaler.
What are the complications associated with anaphylaxis?
Some individuals may be subjected to anaphylactic shock. It is also possible to stop breathing or encounter an obstruction of the respiratory tract due to swelling of the respiratory tract. Sometimes that can lead to a cardiac attack. All such complications are potentially fatal.
What should I do to prevent anaphylaxis?
Avoid the allergen, which can trigger a reaction. When you are considered to be at risk for anaphylaxis, your healthcare provider will advise you to take adrenalin medication, like the epinephrine injection, to counter the reaction.
The injection version of this medicine is typically stored in a device called an auto-injector. Auto-injectors are small devices that contain a syringe filled with a single dose of the drug. As soon as you begin to experience symptoms of anaphylaxis, squeeze the auto-injector onto your thigh. Always verify the expiry date and replace any auto-injectors that should expire.