What is ADHD?
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a mental health brain condition which may cause higher than normal levels of hyperactive and impulsive behaviours. Individuals with ADHD can also struggle to pay attention to a single task.
Adults and children may be diagnosed with ADHD and recognised by the American Psychiatric Association (APA) r.
A wide range of behaviors are in associated to ADHD. More commonly among these are:
- May have difficulty focusing on tasks.
- forget about doing tasks.
- Be easy to distract.
- find it difficult to sit, especially in a quiet environment.
- interrupt conversations and take action without thinking.
If you or your child is suffering from ADHD, You may experience some or all of those symptoms. Your symptoms depend on what type of ADHD you have.
Types of ADHD
The APA divided ADHD into 3 categories. These are:
predominantly inattentive, predominantly hyperactivity-impulsive, combination of both.
As its name indicates, people with this type of ADHD have extreme difficulties in concentration, job completion, and compliance with instructions.
Experts also believe that many children with the inattentive type of ADHD may not get an appropriate diagnosis as they do not tend to interfere with the classroom. This type of ADHD is the most common amongst females.
Predominantly hyperactive-impulsive type
People with this type of ADHD mainly exhibit hyper-active and impulsive behavior such as moving, interrupting people while they are talking, and not being able to wait their turn.
Although inattention is less affected by this type of ADHD, individuals with primarily hyperactive-impulsive ADHD may still find it difficult to concentrate or focus on tasks.
Combined hyperactive-impulsive and inattentive type
He’s the most commonly known type of ADHD. People with this combination of ADHD have inattentive and hyper-active symptoms. This includes a failure to pay attention, a tendency to impulsivity, overactivity and excessive energy.
The treatment of ADHD depends on the type you have. Like the type might change over time, so your treatment might change, too.
ADHD in children
ADHD is among the most common neurological development disorders in children in the United States. One in 10 Children aged 5 to 17 have a diagnosis of ADHD.
Boys are more than twice as likely as girls to get diagnosed with ADHD. This can be because boys have a tendency to present with common symptoms of hyperactivity. Only a few girls with ADHD can experience the classical symptoms of hyperactivity. In many cases, girls with ADHD can experience symptoms like:
- Frequently day dreaming
- Hyper talkative rather than hyperactive
Many of the symptoms of ADHD can be typical childhood behaviours, so it can be difficult to know what is associated with ADHD and what is normal.
What causes ADHD?
While ADHD is very common, physicians and researchers are still unsure of the actual cause of the disease. We believe it has neurological causes. Genetics can be a factor as well.
Research suggests that dopamine reduction is a factor of ADHD. Dopamine is a neurotransmitter of the brain that helps pass signals between nerves. It has a role to play in initiating emotional reactions and motions.
Other research suggests that the brain is structurally different. The results show that people with ADHD have a lower volume of grey matter. Grey matter includes areas of the brain which are related to:
- muscle control
ADHD testing and diagnosis
There is no test to know whether you or your child is suffering from ADHD. A recent study highlighted the advantages of a new test to diagnose adult ADHD, but many clinicians and physicians believe that a diagnosis of ADHD cannot be done on the basis of a test.
To establish a diagnosis, your physician will assess the symptoms you or your child have experienced during the previous six months.
Your physician will likely gather information from family members or family members and may use checklists and rating scales to examine symptoms. They will also carry out a physical examination to determine whether there are other health problems.
If you believe that you or your child are suffering from ADHD, Talk to your doctor to get an assessment For your child, you can ask their academic advisor. Schools assess children on a regular basis to identify issues that may affect their academic performance.
For the assessment, give your doctor or advisor notes and comments on your or your child’s behaviour.
If they have a suspicion of ADHD, they can refer you or your child to a ADHD specialist. Depending on the diagnosis, patients may also be advised to make an appointment with a psychiatrist or neurologist.
Treatment of ADHD usually involves behavioural therapies, drugs, or both.
Therapies include psycho-therapy or speech therapy. With speech therapy, you or your child will talk about how ADHD affects your life and how you can help manage it.
Another type of therapy involves behavioural therapy. This therapy may help you or your child learn to monitor and manage their behaviour.
The medicines may also be very useful when you have ADHD. ADHD drugs are designed to affect brain chemicals or neurotransmitters in a way that allows you to more effectively control your impulses and actions.
Natural remedies for ADHD
In addition to the medications, several cures have been recommended to help improve the symptoms of ADHD.
To begin with, following a healthy lifestyle can help you or your child manage the symptoms of ADHD. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommended:
- healthy and balanced eating.
- Do a minimum of 60 minutes of physical activity daily.
- get a good sleep.
- limit the daily display time from phones, laptops and television.
Mindfulness meditation is an option as well. Research among adults and adolescents has shown that meditation has positive effects on attention and thought, as well as anxiety and depression.
Avoidance of some allergens and foods are also potential ways to help reduce ADHD symptoms.
Is ADHD a disability?
While ADHD is a neurological development condition, it is not considered a learning disability. But the symptoms of ADHD can make it hard for you to learn. In addition, it is possible that ADHD can develop in some people who also have learning disabilities.
To help reduce any impact on learning for children, teachers may establish individual guidelines for a student with ADHD. This can include additional time for tasks and tests, or the development of a personal reward system.
While this is not technically a disability, ADHD may have lifetime effects.
ADHD and depression
If you or your child is diagnosed with ADHD, You’re most likely to have consious as well. In fact, the level of major depression in children with ADHD is higher than five times higher in children with ADHD-free. Up to 31 percent In adults suffering from ADHD, depression was also observed. Therapies are available for both conditions.
The treatments often overlap. Talk therapy can help treat both conditions. Also, certain antidepressants, such as bupropion, can sometimes help relieve ADHD symptoms.
Obviously, having ADHD doesn’t assure that you’ll have depression, but it’s important to know it can be possibile Find out more about the link between ADHD and depression.